Biofuels are non-fossil renewable energy sources used in motors in the form of liquid or gas and derived from agricultural products, forestry products, organic waste or from byproducts resulting from processing of feedstock.
The rapid depletion of petroleum-derived fuel resources and the adverse effects of the hazardous emission gases that manifest themselves upon their exposure to human health has expedited the development of biofuel production technologies and increased their production capacities.
Due to the increasing use and consumption of natural resources and growing industrialization efforts worldwide, concepts such as clean, uncontaminated air, water and clean fuel have become predominantly significant elements of our everyday lives. Biofuels are the main sources of clean fuels. When the cost of the permanent and detrimental environmental effects engendered by the combustion of fossil fuels are considered, biofuels stand out as the most economical means of renewable energy sources.
Bioethanol is a high-octane biofuel derived from agricultural resources with starch content. Bioethanol is produced as a result of fermentation that takes place after starch is converted into sugar.
Bioethanol is a colorless liquid wherein 35% of its chemical composition is made of oxygen. Bioethanol's octane number is 113 and freezing point is -114°C.
Bioethanol blends homogenously with fuels derived from petroleum. The 35% oxygen in its chemical composition effectively helps decrease the amount of hazardous gases such as carbon monoxide (CO) and Nitrogen Oxide (NOX) formed as a result of the combustion taking place in the engines.
Bioethanol’s capabilities to decrease the emission of the aforementioned hazardous gases have a major role especially in highly populated urban areas and metropolitan cities with heavy traffic.
Since bioethanol can quickly and completely dissolve in nature, it does not contaminate subterranean water sources.
Bioethanol can be directly blended with gasoline without the need for intermediary additives. Bioethanol increases combustion efficiency in motors due to the oxygen in its chemical composition. Engines fueled with bioethanol build up less heat and have excellent startup capabilities during winter frost.